Voltage and current handling on the telephone line

The voltage in the telephone line is 20V. When a call comes in, the telephone line voltage rises to 48V, and the phone rings. When off-hook answers, the telephone line voltage will drop to 10V again.

The telephone line has a certain current limit, and a fuse is installed before entering the cable. The switching equipment has electricity when it comes out of each module. The telephone line is powered by 48V. The line has resistance connected in series, about 600 ohms at each end, and the load is slightly over. When the telephone rings, the power consumption is the largest. The circuit design has taken into account the current of normal calls. The average 48V DC per household does not exceed 20 mA. When a user takes 100A for a long time, it will be detected by the monitoring device, and the user will be automatically powered off.

The currently used program-controlled switchboard has a DC feed voltage of 48V. Since the lead storage battery is floating-charged, the actual voltage when the phone is on-hook is about 50V DC. When the telephone is off-hook, the DC loop of the telephone is connected, and there is current in the telephone. At this time, the voltage drop is 7-10V, depending on the length of the line and the telephone.

The current after the phone is off-hook is not the same, which is affected by the subscriber line, telephone and intra-office switching equipment. Generally 20-30mA. The current should be around 5 μA when hanging up.

When the bell rings, the ringing voltage is an alternating voltage of 75V and a frequency of 16-25 Hz.

Original crossbar switch hang up 60V
Program-controlled switchboard 48V
Bell current voltage 90V

48V on hook, 90V ringing, 8V call
But the value is not accurate and will change within a certain range. Only general values ​​are given

When the local office hangs up, the DC is 48V.

Ringing: 20HZ, above 75V

Call: depending on the line and the quality of the phone, generally between 6-12V DC

Small exchange: There are two types of DC voltage: 24 or 48.

Ringing is almost the same as talking.

Although the voltage is above 36V, but because its current is extremely small, it is not harmful to people, rest assured.

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